Russian school children will be taught about anti-doping and the importance of clean sport as part of their PE lessons from next year.
The plan is part of a package of education measures announced by Russia's Ministry of Sport intended to change attitudes to doping in the country.
Russian sport has been in crisis since a damning report commissioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) last year found evidence of systemic cheating.
"We are working tirelessly to ensure that sport in our country is clean and fair, and educating the next generation of athletes is essential to spreading the clean sport message," said Natalia Zhelanova, anti-doping adviser to the minister of sport. "We recognise that to create real change we must inform athletes from the very beginning of their careers.
"It is about instilling the right values from the outset but we hope this initiative will be supported by wider society as this is a change that all Russians must embrace.
"That's why we are launching this new initiative to help our future stars make the right choices, invest in fair play, and win the fight against doping."
As well as anti-doping lessons in every school across the country, there will also be specific education programmes targeted at students in Russia's 3,000 sports schools, as well as coaches, doctors, officials and sports scientists already in the system and in higher education.
The wide-ranging programme has been based on WADA guidelines and drawn up in conjunction with the Council of Europe.
"We welcome these significant moves by the government to address the country's problem with doping," said Anna Antseliovich, acting head of Rusada, Russia's anti-doping agency.
"Our job of eradicating doping from sport will be considerably helped by teaching children from an early age that this is not acceptable in our society."
These measures follow last month's announcement that Russia will criminalise doping and the radical overhaul of staff throughout Russian sport.
The hope is that these moves will persuade the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) to reinstate the Russian track and field team in time for the Rio Olympics.
Russia's athletes have been banned since the publication of that WADA-commissioned report last November and the IAAF's decision on whether to lift that ban or not will be announced on June 17.
Last month, pole vault star Yelena Isinbayeva told the Press Association that she would sue the IAAF and International Olympic Committee (IOC) if she was prevented from competing at her fifth Olympics this summer.
It has been suggested that Russian athletes who have never failed a drugs test could be allowed to compete under the IOC flag, in neutral colours, and last week the BBC reported they may even be able to wear Russian kit.
But many athletes and anti-doping experts from around the world have said they are opposed to the idea of letting Russia back into the sport so soon, pointing out that doping scandals have continued to hit Russia this year.
The country is now the subject of a second investigation into allegations of state-sponsored cheating at the 2014 Winter Olympics; 47 Russian sportsmen and women have tested positive for the newly-banned heart disease drug meldonium and Russians were by far the biggest group caught by the re-analysis of doping samples from the 2008 and 2012 Summer Games.